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The haplogroup tree depiction traces my lines of descent stemming from the base parental haplogroups at the tree's roots.

Figure 27 depicts my haplogroup tree, which traces my lines of descent stemming from the base parental haplogroups at the tree's roots. The branches splitting off are the result of genetic mutations, which come about when a descendant has a genetic trait that his or her ancestor does not have.

Figure 27
My Genetic Ancestral Tree
By Parental Haplogroups

Ancestry

The tree's branches represent genetic sub-haplogroup populations who share a common ancestor. This is in line with the concept that, "All people alive today belong to distinct haplogroups of people belonging to the same haplogroup and can trace their descent to a common ancestor and even a specific place where that ancestor may have lived".

In my haplogroup tree, the lines of descent for my mother-line are in haplogroup B and for my father-line in haplogroup O. Both my maternal haplogroup B4 and my paternal haplogroup O2 originated in the geographical area of present day China and Southeast Asia over 30,000 years ago during the Ice Age.

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